Risk Factors And Symptoms Associated With Kidney Disease


Kidney Disease is a major public health concern, and as such, the key is to find kidney disease before the trouble starts. Kidney disease often goes undetected until it is very advanced. Unfortunately, this is when someone would need dialysis or a transplant. Regular testing for everyone is important, but it is especially important for people at risk.

Knowing if you are at risk for kidney disease is the first step to a healthier life.

Some of the main risk factors include:

Diabetes (you or your family)

High blood pressure (you or your family)

Heart disease (you or your family

Family history of kidney failure, diabetes, or high blood pressure


Chronic urinary tract infections

Kidney stones

Among other factors.

Most people with early kidney disease have no symptoms, which is why early detection is critical. By the time symptoms appear, kidney disease may be advanced, and symptoms can be misleading. Pay attention to these trouble signs:


Fatigue, weakness

Difficult, painful urination

Foamy urine

Pink, dark urine (blood in urine)

Increased thirst

Increased need to urinate (especially at night)

Puffy eyes

Swollen face, hands, abdomen, ankles, feet

Treatment usually consists of measures to help control signs and symptoms, reduce complications, and slow progression of the disease. If your kidneys become severely damaged, you may need treatment for end-stage kidney disease. If your kidneys can’t keep up with waste and fluid clearance on their own and you develop complete or near-complete kidney failure, you have end-stage kidney disease. At that point, you need dialysis or a kidney transplant. Dialysis artificially removes waste products and extra fluid from your blood when your kidneys can no longer do this. A kidney transplant involves surgically placing a healthy kidney from a donor into your body. Transplanted kidneys can come from deceased or living donors. You’ll need to take medications for the rest of your life to keep your body from rejecting the new organ.

Consult your doctor if you experience any of the warning signs associated with kidney disease. As a first step toward diagnosis of kidney disease, your doctor will discuss your personal and family history and other things with you and also perform a physical exam.

World Kidney Day will be observed on March 12, 2020. Stay healthy keep your kidneys healthy.

Your health…is your responsibility!


Juliane Robinson

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