Measles is a highly contagious viral disease cause by the measles virus. The disease remains an important cause of death among children globally despite the availability of a safe effective vaccine.
There is no specific treatment if there are no complications. Doctors will recommend rest and plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration once there are no complications. Symptoms usually go away within 7 to 10 days.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of measles are likely to appear about 7 to 14 days after a person is infected.
Measles begin with:
Red, watery eyes (conjunctivitis)
Two to three days after the symptoms begin look out for tiny white spots that may appear inside the mouth, these are known as Koplik spots.
Three to five days after symptoms begin, a rash breaks out. This rash begins as flat red spots that will appear on the face, at the hairline and will spread downwards to the neck, trunk, arms, legs and feet. Small raised bumps may also appear on top of the flat red spots. The spots may become joined together as they spread from the head to the rest of the body. When rashes appear fever tend to spike to more than 104 degrees Fahrenheit.
Who is at risk?
People most at risk are patients with a weak immune system such as those living with HIV, AIDS, leukemia, or a vitamin deficiency, young children and adults over the age of 20 years.
Your health…is your responsibility!
The best way to protect yourself from measles is with vaccination.