The month of April is recognized as STD awareness month and knowledge is power when it comes to your sexual health.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or Sexually Transmitted Infections(STIs), are generally acquired by sexual contact. Organisms that cause sexually transmitted diseases may pass from person to person in blood, semen, vaginal and other bodily fluids.
STDs don’t always cause symptoms, which is one of the reasons why experts prefer to use the term ‘Sexually Transmitted Infections’. However, Sexually Transmitted Infections can have a range of symptoms and recognizing them is a start.
- Painful or burning urination
- Pain during sex
- Discharge from the penis
- Unusual vaginal bleeding
- Sores or bumps on the genitals or in the oral or rectal area
- Unusual or odd-smelling vaginal discharge
- Lower abdominal pain
Signs and symptoms may appear a few days after exposure, or years before you experience problems, depending on the organism. When there is no sign or symptom that’s when they are more likely to go unnoticed until complication occur or a partner is diagnosed.
Testing is the only way to know for sure if you have an STD as some STDs can cause severe health problems if they are untreated.
Having an STD makes you more likely to get other STDs like HIV so early detection is extremely important.
Most common STDs can be cured with medicine, those that can’t be cured often have treatments to help with symptoms and to lower your chances of passing the disease to anyone else.
Types of STDs include:
- Genital Warts(HPV)
See your doctor immediately if you are sexually active and may have been exposed to an STI or if you are experiencing any of the signs and symptoms of common STIs.
Your health…Your Responsibility!